The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in our body. It is a critical nerve which begins in the lower back and runs down through the buttocks to the leg(s).
This nerve plays a major role in the walking function as it is connected to our spine.
The medical condition known as sciatica appears as a result of pressure on the sciatic nerve at the end of the spine and causes debilitating pain in the lower back all the way down the legs.
- Pain in the back and usually in one leg
- The pain increases with sitting
- Burning sensation in the leg(s)
- Numbness or loss of sensation in the leg(s)
- Difficulties when walking for longer periods or moving the legs
8 Stretches That Can Help Ease the Pain of Sciatica
Reasons for Chronic Sciatica Pain
- Slipped Disc. Also known as a ruptured disc or pinched nerve
- Isthmic spondylolisthesis. Fracture in the bone that links joints close to the spine, resulting in shearing between vertebras.
- Degenerative disc. Irritation in the back caused when spine movement exposes the proteins in the disc.
- Lumbar spinal stenosis. Narrowing of the spinal canal.
- Sacroiliac joint dysfunction. A sacroiliac joint irritation.
- Piriformis syndrome. Pinching the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle
- Pregnancy. The increased weight during pregnancy increases the stress on the back, causing sciatica.
- Muscle strain. Muscle strain inflammation compresses the nerve root, resulting in pain.
- Scar tissue. This tissue puts pressure on the sciatic nerve causing pain.
- Spinal tumor. The nerve root can be affected even by a tumor.
10 Awesome Home Remedies To Get Rid of Sciatic Nerve Pain Fast!
Chronic Sciatica Pain Treatment
- Exercise and stretches
- Physiotherapy sessions
- Bed rest
- Painkillers which cause muscles relaxation
- In extreme situations, sciatica sufferers might have to undergo a surgery for a pain relief